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Fritz Zwicky’s Solar Orbiting Pellets

16 Oct 2017, 13:08 UTC
Fritz Zwicky’s Solar Orbiting Pellets
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The world’s unexpected reaction to the launching of Sputnik on October 4, 1957 proved to be of immense propaganda value to the Soviet Union (see “Sputnik: The Launch of the Space Age”). People around the world could clearly see for themselves in the night sky this first artificial Earth satellite and the even brighter spent rocket which launched it into orbit challenging the American image of technological preeminence taken for granted by so many. With reaction to the launch of Sputnik (and its implications for national security) bordering on near panic among some in the US, a response to the Soviet challenge was desperately needed.
The launch of Sputnik on October 4, 1957 made headlines across the globe and shocked many Americans.
On October 11, 1957 the Eisenhower administration officially announced that an upcoming test flight of the Naval Research Laboratory’s Vanguard rocket would attempt to orbit a small satellite (see “Vintage Micro: The First Nanosatellite”). But with the scheduled launch date still a couple of months away, the American public was desperate to see a more immediate answer to Sputnik. As it turned out, they would not have to wait too long due to the efforts of a gifted ...

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