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March 23-29, 2015 / Vol 34, No 12 / Hawai`i Island, USA

20 Mar 2015, 20:29 UTC
March 23-29, 2015 / Vol 34, No 12 / Hawai`i Island, USA
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Launch Expedition 43/44 Crew, Kelly and Kornienko to Begin 1-Year Mission on ISS

International Space Station Expedition 43/44 Gennady Padalka (RSA), Mikhail Kornienko (RSA) and Scott Kelly (NASA) prepare for their launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on March 27 on Soyuz TMA-16M. They will join Commander Terry Virts of NASA, Anton Shkaplerov of RSA and Samantha Cristoforetti of ESA. Kornienko and Kelly are scheduled to remain in Space until Mar 2016, which will set them near the 3rd place record for longest continuous spaceflight currently held by Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov of the Soviet Union at 365 days, 22 hours, 39 minutes; 1st place record is Valeri Polyakov of RSA at 437 days, 17 hours, 58 minutes. Key studies of the 1-year mission are functionality tests, behavioral health, visual impairment, metabolic activities, physical performance, microbial changes and “human factors” (fine motor performance, ISS habitability, training retention). The ‘Twins Study’ is composed of 10 separate investigations to be conducted with identical twin astronauts Scott and Mark Kelly (who will remain on Earth). The six-member Expedition 43 crew is planned to facilitate the capture and berthing of SpaceX Dragon CRS-6, and the arrival of Progress 59P. During their extended stay Kelly ...

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