Francois Englert and Peter Higgs shared the 2013 Nobel Prize for physics for the prediction of a new physics mechanism to which Higgs lent his name.
Another chapter has unfolded in the dramatic saga of the Higgs boson. On the morning of October 8, 2013, the Swedish Academy of Science made an announcement that had been widely anticipated by the blogosphere: Francois Englert and Peter Higgs shared the 2013 Nobel Prize for physics for the prediction of a new physics mechanism to which Higgs (unwillingly) lent his name.
Event recorded with the CMS detector. Image credit: CERN
The Standard Model of particle physics is a stunningly successful theory that describes the matter of the universe. It was developed in the 1960s and has been extensively validated in the intervening decades. However, the theory had one striking weakness. It did not explain why the smallest and most fundamental particles had mass, instead of being massless, which seemed to be a more natural state of affairs.
In 1964, Belgian physicists Robert Brout and Francois Englert published a paper describing a way to modify a class of so-called Yang-Mills theories. By adding a new field of energy to the existing theories, they found, ...