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Does an AGN Help or Hurt Star Formation?

13 Aug 2019, 16:00 UTC
Does an AGN Help or Hurt Star Formation?
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Editor’s note: Astrobites is a graduate-student-run organization that digests astrophysical literature for undergraduate students. As part of the partnership between the AAS and astrobites, we occasionally repost astrobites content here at AAS Nova. We hope you enjoy this post from astrobites; the original can be viewed at astrobites.org.

Title: Positive and Negative Feedback of AGN Outflows in NGC 5728
Authors: Jaejin Shin, Jong-Hak Woo, Aeree Chung, Junhyun Baek, Kyuhyoun Cho, Daeun Kang, Hyun-Jin Bae
First Author’s Institution: Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Status: Accepted to ApJ
One of the many mysteries of galaxy evolution is how the formation of stars is affected by a process called feedback. Unlike comments coming from a teacher on an essay, in the galactic context, feedback is coming from powerful sources of energy such as active galactic nuclei (AGN). Star formation in galaxies requires a lot of dense gas (also called the interstellar medium, or ISM), so any feedback processes that disrupt the presence or the denseness of said gas can affect the ability of a galaxy to form stars. Simulations have shown that AGN are theoretically capable of providing negative feedback by heating up the ISM or blowing it away. However, they might ...

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