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Flying through the binary trojan asteroid system (617) Patroclus

23 May 2016, 12:06 UTC
Flying through the binary trojan asteroid system (617) Patroclus
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Another day, another video!
This time I am posting a video of the binary L5 Trojan Asteroid (617) Patroclus-Menoetius. In collaboration, with the team at the California Academy of Sciences, we have created a model of this interesting binary asteroid system which shares its orbit with Jupiter.

In 2001, a group of astronomer discovered that the L5 Trojan asteroid (617) Patroclus is in fact made of two components. In 2006, using Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics System at W.M. Keck Observatory, we showed that those two components orbit around the center of mass of the system in ~4 days at 680 km describing a circular orbit. We named the second component Menoetius, the argonaut father of Patroclus in the greek mythology.
From the estimate of the size (derived from various techniques including Spitzer observations of mutual events taken in 2010 and stellar occultation on October 2013), we found out that the components are less dense than icy water, with a grain density very close to satellites of giant planets (like Amalthea, moon of Jupiter).

The Binary Trojan Asteroid (617) Patroclus-Menoetius from Franck Marchis on Vimeo.
Because Patroclus has a different color and density than (624) Hektor, we speculated that it ...

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